What Triggers Migraine Headaches?People with migraine headaches tend to have recurring attacks triggered by a lack of food or sleep, exposure to light, or hormonal irregularities (in women). Anxiety, stress, or relaxation after stress can also be common triggers.
You can read more information about triggers for migraine headaches in the following eMedTV articles:
Treatment OptionsThere are two ways to approach treatment for migraine headaches: preventing the attacks or relieving the symptoms during the attacks (see Migraine Relief).
For relief during an acute attack, there are a number of different traditional treatment options. These treatments include making lifestyle changes and taking medications. Unfortunately, while these steps can control migraine headaches, there is no cure.
Some people may also use complementary or alternative approaches to treating migraines, such as:
- Vitamins, minerals, or herbs, such as:
- Biofeedback (see Biofeedback for Migraines)
- Acupuncture (see Acupuncture for Migraines)
- Botulinum toxin (Botox®)
- Cognitive behavioral therapy
- Relaxation therapy.
For those who have migraine headaches on a more frequent basis -- as well as for those who have severe headaches -- a healthcare provider may recommend medicines used to prevent migraines in the first place. While many of these medications were originally developed to treat epilepsy and depression, they are also effective for migraine prevention.
(Click Migraine Treatments for more information on treating or preventing migraine headaches. You can also read other treatment articles by clicking Migraine Diet or Migraine Medications.)