Relief of Severe or Frequent Migraine HeadachesFor most people with migraines, stronger medications may be necessary to control the pain. In these cases, your healthcare provider may recommend one of three classes of migraine medicines:
- Triptans, including:
- Ergot medications, such as:
- Dihydroergotamine (Migranal®)
- Ergotamine (Bellamine-S®, Cafergot®, Ergomar®)
- Opioid medicines.
These medicines must be taken immediately at the beginning of migraine symptoms in order to have their full effect. While these medicines can limit symptoms, they are not a migraine cure.
A number of these medicines should be used with caution or not at all in people with certain medical conditions, such as heart disease or a history of a heart attack or stroke.
Natural Migraine ReliefAlthough several effective migraine medications are available, oftentimes, people may look for alternative or complementary treatment options to relieve their migraine pain. Alternative treatments are approaches that may be used instead of traditional treatments. Complementary treatments, on the other hand, may be used alongside traditional treatments. Some examples of alternative or complementary treatments for migraines that may be recommended include:
- Vitamins, minerals, or herbs, such as feverfew (see Feverfew for Migraines), butterbur root extract (Petadolex®), riboflavin, or magnesium
- Biofeedback (see Biofeedback for Migraines)
- Acupuncture (see Acupuncture for Migraines)
- Botulinum toxin (Botox®)
- Cognitive behavioral therapy
- Relaxation therapy.
Most of these options are used to prevent migraines in the first place, since most have little effect once the headache begins.