A migraines diagnosis begins with asking the patient a number of questions, such as where the pain occurs and how often the person experiences headaches. Diagnosing migraines also involves performing a physical exam to look for signs that could point to other possible causes of headaches. The healthcare provider may also recommend a number of tests -- such as blood tests or vision tests -- to rule out other causes of headaches.
An Overview of Diagnosing MigrainesIn order to make a diagnosis of migraine headaches, your healthcare provider will begin by asking a number of questions, including questions about:
- The headache, such as how often you have headaches or where the pain is
- Other symptoms, including nausea, vomiting, and vision or other sensory problems
- Possible triggers (see Migraine Triggers)
- Current medical conditions, including high blood pressure (hypertension)
- Any medicines that you are taking
- A family history of migraines or other types of headaches
- Any recent trauma.
He or she will also perform a physical exam, looking for any signs that may point to other possible causes of the headaches (see Causes of Headaches).
Tests Used When Making a Diagnosis of MigrainesThere are no tests that are routinely recommended to help diagnose migraines. However, depending on your particular situation, your healthcare provider may recommend certain tests to help rule out other headache causes. These tests may include a blood test, imaging tests (such as an MRI or CT scan), or vision tests.