Types of Migraines
People with hemiplegic migraine have temporary paralysis on one side of the body, a condition known as hemiplegia. Some people with this type of migraine may experience vision problems and vertigo -- a feeling that the world is spinning. These early migraine headache symptoms begin 10 minutes to 90 minutes before the onset of headache pain.
In ophthalmoplegic migraine, the pain is around the eye and is associated with a droopy eyelid, double vision, and other problems with vision. This type of migraine is rare.
Basilar Artery Migraine
Basilar artery migraine involves a disturbance of a major brain artery at the base of the brain. Preheadache symptoms include a spinning sensation (vertigo), double vision, and poor muscular coordination. This migraine type occurs primarily in adolescent and young adult women and is often associated with the menstrual cycle.
Benign Exertional Headache
Benign exertional headache is brought on by running, lifting, coughing, sneezing, or bending. In this type of migraine headache, the headache begins at the onset of activity, and pain rarely lasts more than several minutes.
Status migrainosus is a rare and severe type of migraine that can last 72 hours or longer. The pain and nausea are so intense that people who have this type of headache must be hospitalized.
The use of certain drugs can trigger status migrainosus. Neurologists report that many of their status migrainosus patients suffered from depression or anxiety before they experienced headache attacks.
Migraine Aura Without Headache
Migraine aura without headache is characterized by migraine symptoms such as visual problems (seeing flashing lights or zigzag lines, having blind spots, or losing vision for a short time), nausea, vomiting, constipation, or diarrhea. Patients with this migraine type do not, however, experience head pain. This migraine has also previously gone by other names, including:
- Acephalgic migraine
- Amigrainous migraine
- Ocular migraine
- Optical migraine.
This variation of a migraine is more common in children and typically involves moderate-to-severe pain in the midline of the abdomen. Untreated, the pain can last from 1 to 72 hours. Other symptoms can include nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, and loss of skin color (pallor).
A child with this form of migraine usually has a family history of migraines. He or she will also most likely develop typical migraines later in life.